Seven Walking Tours
FRONT PAGE
FAIRMOUNT PARK
INDEPENDENCE HALL AREA
HISTORIC, NORTH OF MARKET
PARKWAY
RITTENHOUSE
SOCIETY HILL
WASHINGTON SQUARE
PREVIOUS STOP ... NEXT STOP ...

Mikveh Israel Cemetery

Washington Square 12

Walking west on Spruce toward Pennsylvania Hospital, you come to one of the city's most hallowed spots — the redbrick-walled Mikveh Israel Cemetery, dating from 1740. It was the first burying ground for Philadelphia's Jewish community, and here in an unmarked grave lies Haym Salomon (c. 1740-1785), the Pole who placed his fortune at the disposal of the Colonies. First by working with the Sons of Liberty (and escaping from jail twice) and then as a broker, Salomon's role in the Revolution cannot be overestimated. When the U.S. Post Office honored him on a 10-cent stamp in 1975 they wrote: "Businessman and broker Haym Salomon was responsible for raising most of the money needed to finance the American Revolution." A stone commemorating Salomon is placed at the cemetery's entrance.

Most beloved of all who lie here is Rebecca Gratz (1781-1869), the benevolent model for the character Rebecca in Sir Walter Scott's "Ivanhoe."

historic documents, declaration, constitution, more