From Rebels to Mature Army
BACKGROUND TO THE CAMPAIGN
A quick history of the Revolutionary War 1765-1777. Plus an overview of the events leading up to the campaign.
LANDING AT HEAD OF ELK
||Over 260 British ships arrived at Head of Elk, Maryland. Washington was ready.|
The trip took overly long, horses died by the hundreds. British General Howe was anxious to move on, but first he had to unload his massive armada.
ON THE MARCH TO BRANDYWINE
||Howe heads for Philadelphia. Washington blocks the path.|
On the way to their first engagement of 1777, Washington exposes himself to capture, Howe misses an opportunity, the rains fall, and everyone seems prepared for what happens next.
THE BATTLE OF BRANDYWINE
||The first battle in the campaign|
Howe conceives and executes a daring 17 mile march catching Washington by surprise. The Continental Army is impressive, but the day belongs to the British.
BATTLE OF THE CLOUDS
||Both armies were poised for another major engagement|
Five days after the Battle of Brandywine, a confrontation is rained out.
||Bloody bayonets in a midnight raid|
"Mad" Anthony Wayne, assigned to attack the rear guard of the British army, is himself surprised in a "dirty" early morning raid.
MARCH TO GERMANTOWN
||Washington prepares to win back the capital|
Congress flees Philadelphia as the British occupy the city amid chaos and fear.
THE BATTLE OF GERMANTOWN
||The battle is fought in and around a mansion.|
For the first time the British retreat during battle, but fog and confusion turned the American advance around.
||"Men split open like fish"|
A staggering 3-week bombardment for control of two American forts on the Delaware. The British needed these to get food and supplies to occupied Philadelphia.
||Court-martials, prisoners of war, and skirmishes|
The final stand of the campaign sees over a month of minor scrapes and posturing. Time for fighting draws to a close.
THE BRITISH IN PHILADELPHIA
||The British party through the winter in warmth and comfort.|
Theater, romance, looting, and a huge party. Farewell General Howe. Welcome General Henry Clinton.
THE WINTER AT VALLEY FORGE
Demoralized, sick, unpaid troops are transformed by the will, faith and passion of Washington and the skills taught by Van Steuben. The French Alliance is forged. A plot to overthrow Washington fails. When the American army leaves Valley Forge, the tide of the war turns.
||Bloody footprints, hunger, sacrifice, and desperation give way to resilience, pride and a new army.
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