what Burthens they please to impose upon them. The Dominion to be exercise'd Over Men, is a Rule suited to the Nature of free, rational Beings, and to the Ends of civil Society. Those Rulers who affect an arbitrary Sway, are justly to be esteem'd Enemies to Society, the Plague and Punishment of Mankind. Prov. 28.25. As a roaring Lion, and a ranging Bear, So is a wicked Ruler over the Poor People.
CIVIL RULERS are in Scripture, stiled GODS, inasmuch as they bear GODS's Image, are cloathed with his Authority, and ACT by his Commission: and as Gods they should improve their Power for the good of Men. Princes and Judges of the Earth, are Gods by Office, and they act like such, when Justice and Truth are the stready Basis of their Thrones, i.e. when! they Distribute Justice with Wisdom, Impartiality and Truth; when they Endeavour to Imitate the Divine Rule, and make it the Law and Measure of their own. But when they Act Contrary hereto, there belongs another Name to them, too Horrible to be mention'd They resemble the God of this World, and contribute to the support of his usurp'd Dominion, and Consequently Expose themselves to Divine resentments, and the heavy Curses of their People
CIVIL RULERS are the Pillars of the World, and must bare the Political Frame, above Disorder, Anarchy and Dissolution. They are Shields of the Earth, and ( as Guardians) must defend the Liberties and Property of their People; there they must not invade themselves, nor tamely see it done by others.
THEY who Exercise Lordship over others, should approve themselves Benefactors to them: this they should do, by Enacting Good wholesome Laws, and by repealing those which by Experience have been found pernicious, by easing every Burthen, and breaking the jaws of Oppressors.
THEY are the Fathers of their People, and as such Should be most sentibly touch'd with the feeling, of their Calamities, and endeavour by all Possible means to redress them. They should be projecting Methods Themselves, (and encouraging others to do the like,) that may contribute to the Ease, Prosperity and Happiness of Their People; and by a steady Course of real Endeavours, strive to be useful in Government. Yea, they should signalize themselves in every Critical Juncture, tho' at the Expence of Ease and Fortune, and with the Hazard of Life itself. And when Rulers thus Exert themselves for the Good of Mankind; they are certainly the greatest Blessings to the World, they consult their own best Interest, and tread in the Path which leads to substantial Glory. But it is as true on the other Hand, that wicked Rulers are the greatest Plague and Scourge to Mankind, as will appear, if we but look into those Countries and Commonwealths where Violence, Oppression, Injustice and Bribery regn'd among their Chiefs, and see what amazing Woes have attended.
CERTAINLY then, it highly concerns every free People, to see to it in all their Elections, that they fix their Eyes on them who are fit to Rule and govern, and that they carefully avoid them who are not. And lurely they should beware how they advance any to Place of Power, who would be Tyrants if they could. Men who were known to be Tyrants, in Will, and Intention, (tho' they never acted their villanous Purposes,) were by a wife Commwealth wont to be outlaw'd, and treated as their Savage Nature required. Prov. 30. 14 There is a Generation whose Teeth are as Swords, and their Jaw-Teeth as Knives, to devour the Poor, &c. So. likewise, those Men are to be avoided, who have discovered their Enmity to the People Words, Writing, or promoting bad Laws. And as for Men of forbid, covetous Principles, against them should Places of Power be as carefully guarded as against the former; for, what Privilege is there, the most valuable in it self, and dear to the People, which a covetous Man will not sacrifice to his Lust? Moreover, such are most likely to open their hands for Gifts, which Solomon says, blinds the Eyes if the Wise, and overthrows the Land. This is agreeable to the Sentiments of Heathenism, as well as Christianity; and it was truly said by Dion the Philosopher, that Avarice is the Head of all Wickedness; and, faith Euripidas, An Ambitious and Covetous Judge, can neigher think or defire any Thing. But, to be brief, those only are fit for Gods among Men, who are Persons of singular abilities, approv'd Integrity, and generous Principles, with whom the publick Good is ever preferable to their own; who lay aside mercenary Views, and Act principally for the Reward of Vertue.
To the Author of the New-England Courant.
The Boston Gazette has been long noted for the good Manners and good Sense with some Persons have been treated in it. And the Author of an Advertisement in the last Weeks Gazette, dated at Roxbury, whether he be a Roxbury Man, or a Boston Man, or even the Gazetteer himself, he has discover'd such an admirable Temper, that it would be a Crime equal to Verbal Sacriledge to rax him with any base design in writing it. He says, the whole Story of a Piece of Plate's being Presented to the Church at Roxbury is a notorious and possive Lye, (tho' the Courant only mentions it as a Report, but affirms nothing,) and afterwards owns the Gentleman's generous Design of making such a Present; by which he very cunningly intinuates, That the Gentleman had given timely Notice of his intended Generosity, but now the Choice of Reprentatives being over over, and the End the Present answer'd, it the Gentleman should withhold the designed Gift from the church, it will he no Crime
in him, but the Writers of the Courant will be guilty of, a certain new Crime never before heard of, namely, VERBAL SACRLEDGE. This Advertiser is certainly a very studious Observer of Crimes and the ill Conseqences of them; and I doubt not but he will quickly move, that a Law may be made against verbal Riots, &c. lest the Tongues of the People (by contracting a vicious Habit) should turn Thieves and rob the Churches.
P. S. Note, That the People of Boston were certain, that the Piece of Plate was made a considerable Time before the whole Story of it came from Roxbury, but they are wholly ignorant of the Roxbury Gentleman's being upbraided for Stinginess and Avvarice in the Courant before that in which the Plate was mentain'd, Gunless Advertiser applys to him the following Passage there inserted from the London Journal, viz. "He who in any Country Posses himself of a "Post for the sake of gainful Jobbs, (as a great Man Once own "ed he did,) ought to finish his last Jobb under the Gallows."
London, March 24. The Czar still goes on with his Preparations both by Sea and Land, Which are the Prelude to some Important Enterprise. Couriers frequnently Pass between Russia and France Which causes Speculation. Amidst there Preparations of War, the King of Prussia is erecting Magazines on his Frontiers, and reinforcing his Garrisons by way of Precaution.
The States General have agreed to fit out fives Frigates to act against the Algerines, and Protect their Mediterranean Trade.
The last Letters concerning the Pestilence are Favourable, with regard to the Cevennes and Gevaudan. In the Domtat, Avignon, Videme, Sorgues and Sargues are still Infected, in the first of which Places about twelve ficken in a Day. 'Tis talk'd as if the Commerce between Marseilles and Italy was renewed.
Our Merchants have Advice, that the Settlement of Anjengo, in the Indies, is destroyed the Natives. And, That the City of Ostend, an East India-man, homeward-bound for Ostend, was taken by the Pirates on the Coast of Africa. As also, That a Portuguese Man of War of 70 Guns was lately taken by them.
We hear that Mr. Robert Knight, late Casher of the South Sea Company, is arriv'd at Venice from Rome.
Boston, May 28. On Wednesday last the Rev. Mr. William Waldron was ordain'd Pastor of the New Brick Church in this Place. We hear from the Eastard, that a House has been lately burnt at Sawco, in which 3 Persons perished by the Flames. They write from Newcattle, that one Eleanor Moore was excuted there the 9th Instant for the Murder of her Bastard Child, which she had buried alive.
By Order of the Select Men.
Not one Person hath been taken Sick of the Small Pox since the Time mentioned in the Gazette and Courant of the 21 Instant, which is upwards, of three Weeks; and those four Persons then Sick are all recovered. The fix Inoculated Ones remain at Spectacle Island below the Cattle; and, through the Goodness of God, there are now none Sick of that Distemper save the Inoculated at the aforesaid Island.
Suitable Lodgings sufficient to entertain fifty of the Members of the General Court may be had, the most of them near the Town House, in such Houses where the Small Pox hath not been: and Deacon John Marion will Inform such Members of the Court as are minded to be accomodated therewith of the aforesaid Houses
Custom-House, Boston, Entered Inwards. Davis, Lothrop, and Brown from Connecticut, Theobalds and Beeckman from New York, Bissel from Annapolis, Langdon from North Carolina, Painter from Philadelphia, Evans from Bermuda, Stollard and Coverly from South Carolina, Calley from Virginia, Graves from Martinico, Quick from Honduras, Alcock from Barbadoes, Aston from Autigua, Astwick from London.
Jackson for New-Hampshire, Willson, Card, White, Lewis, and Cobb for Connecticut, Wallace for Lewis, Thurman for New York, Wait for Philadelphia, Lillie, and Johnson for North Carolina, Holmes for South Carolina
Beekman for New York, Winniet for Annapolis, Lothrop for Newport and Connecticut, Lillie for North Carolina, Davis for London.
t*t To be sold at the Shop over against the West END of the TownHouse in Cornhill, Boston, all sorts of Pictures and Maps, in Frances or without; and all Sorts of Picture-Faames Made by William Price.
To sold by publick Vendue on Tuesday the 29th Instant, at Threo of the Clock in the Afternoon, at the Sun-Tavern on Dock-Square, a valuable Collection of Books, being the Library of Thomas Newton Esq; Deceas'd; with sundry other valuable Books added to them.
&-Whereas the Publisher of this Paper is inform'd, that some of this Correspondents have borrow'd from other Authors Without quoting the Passages. These are to define them for the future to mention the Authors from whom such Passages are taken, or distinguish them by Comma's (") at the beginning of each Line, otherwise they May expect to have their Writings expos'd by some other of his Correspondents.