The Battle of Germantown
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The morning started well for the Americans who had the British retreating. But Washington's plan went astray when one of his four columns lost its bearings in a dense fog and thick smoke. Others columns failed to coordinate effectively.
Charles Willson Peale, 1783, Portrait Gallery (Second Bank)
In the end, bad luck and poor timing forced Washington to retreat to Whitemarsh with the British in pursuit.
The Battle was an American defeat but it served to boost morale and self-confidence. They believed the defeat was the result of bad luck, not poor tactics.
The Americans suffered 152 losses, 521 wounded, and over 400 captured. The British casualties numbered 537 plus 14 captured.