The Declaration of Independence

Timeline of the Revolutionary War

 The French and Indian War
June 19-July 11The Albany Congress
Oct. 7Proclamation of 1763
April 5The Sugar Act
September 1The Currency Act
March 22The Stamp Act
March 24The Quartering Act of 1765
May 29Patrick Henry's "If this be treason, make the most of it!" speech
May 30The Virginia Stamp Act Resolutions
Oct. 7-25The Stamp Act Congress
March 18The Declaratory Act
June 29The Townshend Revenue Act
August 1Boston Non-Importation Agreement
March 5The Boston Massacre
June 9The Gaspee Affair
May 10The Tea Act
Dec. 16The Boston Tea Party
March 31Boston Port Act, one of the "Intolerable Acts"
May 20Administration of Justice Act, one of the "Intolerable Acts"
May 20Massachusetts Government Act, one of the "Intolerable Acts"
June 2Quartering Act of 1774, one of the "Intolerable Acts"
June 22Quebec Act, one of the "Intolerable Acts"
Sept. 5-Oct. 26The First Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia and issues Declaration and Resolves
Oct. 10Battle of Point Pleasant, Virginia (disputed as to whether it was a battle of the American Revolution or the culmination of Lord Dunmore's War)
Oct. 20The Association (prohibition of trade with Great Britain)
Oct. 24Galloway's Plan rejected
March 23Patrick Henry's "Give me liberty or give me death" speech
Apr. 18The Rides of Paul Revere and William Dawes
Apr. 19Minutemen and redcoats clash at Lexington and Concord "The shot heard 'round the world."
May 10Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys seize Fort Ticonderoga
May 10The Second Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia
June 15George Washington named Commander in Chief
June 17Battle of Bunker Hill: The British drive the Americans from Breed's Hill
July 3Washington assumes command of the Continental Army
Nov. 10-21Ninety Six, SC, Patriots sieged
Nov. 13The patriots under Montgomery occupy Montreal in Canada
Dec. 11Virginia and NC patriots rout Loyalist troops and burn Norfolk
Dec. 22Col. Thomson with 1,500 rangers and militia capture Loyalists at Great Canebrake, SC
Dec. 23-30Snow Campaign, in SC, so-called because patriots are impeded by 15" of snow
Dec. 30-31American forces under Benedict Arnold fail to seize Quebec
Jan. 1Daniel Morgan taken prisoner in attempt to take Quebec City
Jan. 15Paine's "Common Sense" published
Feb. 27The patriots drive the Loyalists from Moore's Creek Bridge, North Carolina
March 3The Continental fleet captures New Providence Island in the Bahamas
March 17The British evacuate Boston; British Navy moves to Halifax, Canada
June 8Patriots fail to take Three Rivers, Quebec
June 12The Virginia Declaration of Rights
June 28Sullivan's Island, SC, failed British naval attack
June 29The First Virginia Constitution
June 28Patriots decisively defeat the British Navy at Fort Moultrie, South Carolina
July 1At the instigation of British agents, the Cherokee attack along the entire southern frontier
July 1-4Congress debates and revises the Declaration of Independence. See Chronology of the Declaration
July 4Congress adopts the Declaration of Independence; it's sent to the printer
July 8The Declaration of Independence is read publicly
July 15Lyndley's Fort, SC, Patriots fend off attack by Indians and Tories dressed as Indians
Aug. 1Ambushed by Cherokees, Patriots are saved by a mounted charge at Seneca, SC
Aug. 2Delegates begin to sign The Declaration of Independence
Aug. 10Tugaloo River, SC, Andrew Pickens defeats Cherokees
Aug. 12?Andrew Pickens' detachment surrounded by 185 Cherokee Indians, forms a ring and fires outward. It is known as the "Ring Fight."
Aug. 12Col. Williamson and Andrew Pickens defeat Cherokee Indians and burn Tamassy, an Indian town
Aug. 27Redcoats defeat the George Washington's army in the Battle of Long Island. Washington's army escapes at night.
Sept. 15The British occupy New York City
Sept. 16Generals George Washington, Nathanael Greene, and Israel Putnam triumphantly hold their ground at the Battle of Harlem Heights
Sept. 19Col. Williamson's patriots attacked by Cherokees at Coweecho River, NC
Oct. 11Benedict Arnold defeated at the Battle of Valcour Island (Lake Champlain), but delayed British advance
Oct. 28The Americans retreat from White Plains, New York. British casualties (~300) higher than American (~200).
Nov. 16The Hessians capture Fort Washington, NY
Nov. 20Lord Cornwallis captures Fort Lee from Nathanael Greene
Dec. 26Washington crosses the Delaware and captures Trenton from Hessians
Jan. 3Washington victorious at Princeton
Jan. 6-May 28Washington winters in Morristown, NJ
Apr. 27Benedict Arnold's troops force a British retreat at Ridgefield, Connecticut.
May 20Treaty of DeWitt's Corner, SC: Cherokees lose most of their land east of the mountains
June 14Flag Resolution
July 5St. Clair surrenders Fort Ticonderoga to the British
July 27Lafayette arrives in Philadelphia
Aug. 6The Redcoats, with Iroquois support, force the patriots back at Oriskany, NY, but then have to evacuate
Aug. 16American Militia under General Stark victorious at the Battle of Bennington, VT (actually fought in Walloomsac, New York, several miles to the west)
Aug. 23British withdraw from Fort Stanwix, NY, upon hearing of Benedict Arnold's approach
Aug. 25British General Howe lands at Head of Elk, Maryland
Sept. 11The British win the Battle of Brandywine, Pennsylvania
Sept. 16Rain-out at the Battle of the Clouds, Pennsylvania
Sept. 19Burgoyne checked by Americans under Gates at Freeman's Farm, NY. This is part of the "Battles of Saratoga."
Sept. 21Paoli Massacre, PA
Sept. 26British under Howe occupy Philadelphia
Oct. 4Americans driven off at the Battle of Germantown
Oct. 7Burgoyne loses second battle of Freeman's Farm, NY (at Bemis Heights). This is part of the "Battles of Saratoga."
Oct. 17Burgoyne surrenders to American General Gates at Saratoga, NY
Oct. 22Hessian attack on Fort Mercer, NJ repulsed
Nov. 16British capture Fort Mifflin, Pennsylvania
Dec. 5-7Americans repulse British at Whitemarsh, Pennsylvania
Dec. 19Washington's army retires to winter quarters at Valley Forge
Feb. 6The United States and France sign the French Alliance
March 7British General William Howe replaced by Henry Clinton
May 20Battle of Barren Hill, Pennsylvania. Lafayette with 500 men and about 50 Oneida Indians successfully evade British onslaught
June 18British abandon Philadelphia and return to New York
June 19Washington's army leaves Valley Forge
June 28The Battle of Monmouth Court House ends in a draw
July 4George Rogers Clark captures Kaskaskia, a French village south of St. Louis
Aug. 8French and American forces besiege Newport, RI
Dec. 29The redcoats occupy Savannah
Feb. 3Maj. Gen. Moultrie defeats British detachment at Port Royal Island, SC
Feb. 14Patriots Andrew Pickens and Elijah Clarke beat Loyalists at Kettle Creek, GA
Feb. 23-24American George Rogers Clark captures Vincennes (in what is now Indiana) on the Wabash in the Western campaign
March 3British Lt. Col. Jacques Marcus Prevost defeats Americans under Gen. John Ashe at Brier Creek, GA
May 11-13Maj. General Augustin Prévost (brother of Jacques, see above) breaks his siege when American forces under Maj. Gen. Lincoln approaches
June 20Stono River, SC, Maj. Gen. Lincoln inflicts extensive British casualties in indecisive battle
June 21Spain declares war on Great Britain
July 8Fairfield, CT, burned by British
July 11Norwalk, CT, burned by British
July 15-16American "Mad" Anthony Wayne captures Stony Point, NY
Aug. 19"Light Horse" Harry Lee attacks Paulus Hook, NJ
Aug. 29Newtown, NY, after two massacres, American forces burn Indian villages
Sept. 23John Paul Jones, aboard the Bonhomme Richard, captures British man-of-war Serapis near English coast
Sept. 28The Tappan Massacre ("No Flint" Grey kills 30 Americans by bayonet)
Oct. 9American attempt to recapture Savannah, GA fails
Nov.-June 23, 1780Washington's 2nd winter at Morristown, NJ (the harshest winter of the 18th century)
May 12British capture Charleston, SC
May 29British crush Americans at Waxhaw Creek, SC
June 20Patriots rout Tories at Ramseur's Mill, NC
July 11French troops arrive at Newport, RI, to aid the American cause
Aug. 6Patriots defeat Tories at Hanging Rock, SC
Aug. 16British rout Americans at Camden, SC
Sept. 23John André arrested, leading to the exposure of Benedict Arnold's plans to cede West Point to the British
Oct. 7King's Mountain, SC: battle lasts 65 minutes. American troops led by Isaac Shelby and John Sevier defeat Maj. Patrick Ferguson and one-third of General Cornwallis's army
Oct. 14Washington names Nathanael Greene commander of the Southern Army
Jan. 1Mutiny of unpaid Pennsylvania soldiers
Jan. 17Patriot Morgan overwhelmingly defeats British Col. Tarleton at Cowpens, SC
Feb. 1The Battle of Cowan's Ford, Huntersville, NC
March 2Articles of Confederation adopted
March 15British win costly victory at Guilford Courthouse, NC
April 25Greene defeated at Hobkirk's Hill, SC
May 15British Major Andrew Maxwell cedes Fort Granby, SC to patriot Lieutenant Colonel Henry Lee
June 6Americans recapture Augusta, GA
June 18British hold off Americans at Ninety Six, SC
July 6"Mad" Anthony Wayne repulsed at Green Springs Farm, VA
Sept. 8Greene defeated at Eutaw Springs, SC
Sept. 15French fleet drives British naval force from Chesapeake Bay
Oct. 19Cornwallis surrounded on land and sea by Americans and French and surrenders at Yorktown, VA
March 20Lord North resigns as British prime minister
July 11British evacuate Savannah, GA
Nov. 30British and Americans sign preliminary Articles of Peace
Dec. 14British leave Charleston, SC
April 19Congress ratifies preliminary peace treaty
Sept. 3The United States and Great Britain sign the Treaty of Paris
Nov. 25British troops leave New York City
Dec. 23Washington resigns as Commander
Sept. 17U.S. Constitution signed
June 21U.S. Constitution adopted, when New Hampshire ratifies it
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