|Born:||January 12, 1729|
|Education:||Trinity College, Dublin|
|Work:||Sty. to the Chief Secretary for Ireland, ?-1765; Member of Parliament, 1765|
|Died:||July 9, 1797|
Burke sharply criticized misgovernment and corruption at home in such pamphlets as Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontents (1770), and On Economical Reform (1780). Though, as a member of Parliament, he was of course suspect, many colonials appreciated Bruce's political philosophy and his sympathies with colonial interests. Essays such as On American Taxation (1774), and On Conciliation with the Colonies (1775), were known and read in educated circles. Burke worked to temper the actions of Parliament and to avert conflict with the colonies but was ultimately unable to do so.
His outlook on the French Revolution was quite different that of the American. His essay, Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790), attacking the overthrow of the French Monarchy and the terrors that followed, inspired Tom Paine to write The Rights of Man (1791). Burke was also active in reform of the terrible abuses perpetrated against the people of India by the British overlords. He caused impeachment proceedings to be brought against the royal Governor of India.
Edmund Burke retired in 1795, but continued to write until his death in 1797. His work had great influence on the western political discourse of the 19th century.